Two touch rule, offside: Key football rules explained ahead of FIFA World Cup
With the FIFA World Cup around the corner, it is the right time to jump in and be part of the football madness that’s about the sweep the world. We take a look at some basic and some rather complicated rules to help you understand the beautiful game better.
Football rules explained ahead of FIFA World Cup (Reuters)
By Rounaq Sehrawat: With the FIFA World Cup around the corner, it is the right time to jump in and be part of the football madness that’s about the sweep the world. We take a look at some basic and some rather complicated rules to help you understand the beautiful game better.
The basics first, the game is played between two teams consisting of 11 players each. With goals on either side of the field (dimensions can range between 90×45 meters to 120×90 meters), the aim for both teams is to outscore their opponent in 90 minutes of regulated time plus some added time allotted due to injuries and other stoppages. And, of course, no hands allowed apart from the goalkeeper.
Offside and offside traps
An offside is when the attacking player is ahead of the opposing team’s last defender when the ball is passed to him/her. This rule applies when the attacking player is in the opponent’s half and is involved in the build-up play.
An offside trap is set up by the defending team, when they deliberately step up to catch the attacker offside before the ball is played into him/her.
A player cannot touch the ball twice in a row when putting the ball in play. You will see it frequently during kick-offs or direct and indirect free kicks. This rule also applies to throw-ins.
Direct and Indirect free kicks
There are two types of free kicks, direct and indirect. Direct free kicks are the ones that are awarded due to a foul or a hand ball. All the other free-kicks are indirect free kicks. You can score on a direct kick by kicking the ball directly into the goal, whereas on an indirect kick the ball must be touched by another player before you can score.
Red and yellow cards
A player can receive either a yellow or red card depending on the severity of the foul. A yellow card is a warning and a red card is a dismissal of that player. Two yellow cards will equal one red. Once a player is sent off then they cannot be replaced.
Fouls and penalties
A foul is awarded when the referee feels a player has committed an unfair act that interferes with the active play of the game. Kicking an opponent, tripping, jumping into an opponent (when you are going for a header), charging into an opponent, pushing, tackling from behind, tackling an opponent without making contact with the ball, holding, taking your shirt off after scoring a goal and touching the ball with your hands are some of the examples where a foul is awarded.
A penalty kick is awarded if a player commits a foul inside their penalty area.
Video Assistant Referee is a qualified referee who watches the match via a number of screens and can view slow-motion replays, enabling them to advise the on-field referee, just like a third umpire in cricket.
Extra-time and penalty shootout
If a game is tied at the end of the second half, the game may go into extra time. An additional 30-minute period, split into two 15-minute halves, is added to the game to get a result.
If the teams are still locked in a stalemate, a penalty shootout commences. Players of both teams take penalties in a set of five, and whichever team scores the most penalties wins. If the teams are still tied after five penalties, then the shootout goes to sudden death. On a set-by-set basis, both teams will alternate taking penalty shots. If one team makes a penalty and the other does not, then the goal-scoring team is deemed the winner.
FIFA have confirmed that teams will be allowed to make up to five substitutions per game at the 2022 World Cup. Previously, only three substitutes were allowed but that rules has been amended since the Covid-19 outbreak. While five substitutions can be made, managers will only have three windows to make the substitutions during the 90 minutes, but this doesn’t include the half-time breaks.
Now, with this galore of new information about the latest rules of football, you can sit back and enjoy the biggest sporting event of the year as the FIFA World Cup kicks-off in Qatar from November 20.